Orville Gibson

Orville Gibson

For more than 100 years, quality and innovation have been the foundations of the success of one of the world’s greatest guitar builders. Orville Gibson has left a profound impact on the industry. His passion, dedication, and inventiveness have revolutionized the way guitars and mandolins are designed and played.

Early Life

Orville H. Gibson was born on May 8, 1856 in van Chateaugay, New York. He was the youngest of the family with five (brothers Orzo and Lovell, and sisters Pluma and Emma) from father John W. Gibson and mother Amy Nichols Gibson. Orville’s father was an immigrant from England and his mother Amy was from New York. Growing up, Orville showed a keen interest in music and woodworking. He was known to be a talented singer and performed in local church choirs.

In 1881 Orville moved to Kalamazoo, Michigan, to work as a clerk in a small shoe store. In his spare time, he played the guitar. His love and passion for music led him to think about the design of guitars and mandolins.

The Birth of Gibson Company

In the early eighties of the 19th century, he started his own business and rented a small workshop measuring three by four meters. To get quality wood, he took apart furniture made from spruce, walnut, and cedar wood. He then built mandolins and guitars from it. When Orville Gibson was working in his small music store in Kalamazoo in 1894, he could not yet imagine the influence of his instruments in the course of the history of music.

Orville Gibson created a completely new style of guitars and mandolins and thus laid the foundation for the production of one of the noblest musical instruments that the world had seen until then. He discovered that untreated solid and mature wood led to the best results. Inspired by violin art, he did not construct his guitars and mandolins as usual with a flat, but with a curved body.

Orville ‘tuned’ the top and back blade into a complementary resonance unit, by giving soft blows with a chisel. This time-consuming construction required more than a month per instrument. However, his designs became a resounding success immediately after their introduction in 1894.

Because demand quickly reached a size that Orville could no longer meet, he was forced to set up his own company that could produce these instruments. Thus, on October 12, 1902, the Gibson Mandolin-Guitar Co. Ltd. was a fact. In the following 15 years, the mandolin orchestras experienced their heyday, and Gibson became the number 1 instrument manufacturer.

Orville Gibson had his own theory about the production process: He believed in a combination of manual work and machining to build as many high-quality instruments as possible. At that time, two basic principles of the Gibson philosophy were established, which still apply today:

  1. Employ highly qualified people who possess craftsmanship, a feeling for the instrument as well as a good musical ear.
  2. Use machines where the work process is repeated over and over again or for which extreme precision is required.

Later Years and Legacy

Orville Gibson’s involvement in the company that bore his name began to wane in the early 1900s. Health issues, coupled with his limited role in the business operations, led Orville to step away from the Gibson Mandolin-Guitar Manufacturing Company in 1911. He sold his shares in the company and moved to Ogdensburg, New York, where he lived a quiet life until his death in 1918. A year after the death of Orville Gibson, the mandolin virtuoso, composer and acoustic engineer Lloyd Loar joined Gibson Mandolin-Guitar Co. Ltd.

Despite Gibson’s relatively brief tenure at the company, Orville’s innovative designs and vision for quality musical instruments left an indelible mark on the industry. The Gibson brand has continued to thrive, and the company has remained true to its founder’s commitment to innovation and craftsmanship.

Gibson’s instruments have been embraced by some of the most influential musicians in history, including legends like B.B. King, Les Paul, Eric Clapton, and Jimmy Page. The iconic designs and innovative features pioneered by Orville Gibson have become integral to the sound and look of countless bands and artists, and they continue to shape the music we know and love today.